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Evaluation of the WASH Response to the 2008- 2009 Zimbabwe Cholera Epidemic and Preparedness Planning for Future Outbreaks

The cholera epidemic in Zimbabwe between 2008-2009 also came against a backdrop of water and sanitation infrastructure issues that resulted in sewage contaminated water.  This led people to resort to unsafe sources of water and occurred during a weak point in the government and collapse of the health system. The WASH cluster and Health cluster provided assistance to the government and their cholera response included financial support, time input, material and human resources. This report evaluates the response actions and suggests improvements to strategies. No single strategy or technical intervention worked more than the other in controlling the cholera outbreak. Social mobilization, awareness creation, health and hygiene promotion were all seen as key interventions to improve water quality and quantity that were more widely used and easily implementable.

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